Hahahaa... Japan is kewl in a ninja.. samurai outfit thing.. =_=. Aneways, the top panel's bg is supposed to be fire, due to the oil explosion.
Greater East Asia Co-Prospriety Sphere Plan - a plan made by Japan in World War 2 to free all the Asian nations from the western powers (including America). Basically, he wants Asia to be ruled by Asians. :)
Note that I'm actually still in my Exam periods. =3= Sssshhhh... do not speak of this to my mom XD